Iliotibial Band Syndrome
IT band syndrome is caused by the IT band flicking back and forwards over the bony outer part of the knee. The more this happens, the more inflamed, swollen and painful it is.
Common symptoms include:
- Pain at the outer knee.
- Pain is commonly worse when running downhill.
- Pain will often come on at the same point during a run, although as it gets worse it may occur earlier.
Patellofemoral Knee Pain (Anterior knee pain)
There are many names for this condition, but basically they all relate to the same idea, that the knee cap (patella) ‘mal-tracks’. When the knee is bent and straightened the patella should run straight up and down in a groove at the front of the knee joint. If it doesn’t do this and instead is pulled to one side, damage can occur to the cartilage lining the back of the patella, resulting in pain.
Symptoms may involve:
- Poorly localised pain around the patella.
- Pain may occur during or after running.
- Pain is often worse on walking downhill or stairs.
- Clicking or grinding feelings may occur.
The popliteus is a muscle which runs across the back of the knee joint. The popliteus can develop tendonitis or go into spasm due to overuse which is usually linked to tightness in the hamstrings or weakness in the quad muscles.
- Pain at the back of the knee
- Tenderness on palpation of the muscle, just below the crease of the knee.
- Pain on resisted knee bending with the lower leg rotated outwards.